In an effort to popularise energy conservation and renewable energy sources, IRTC conducted a national seminar on “Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy” with the financial support of Energy Management Centre [EMC] in the inaugural session Sri V G Gopinathan, Registrar IRTC welcomed the participants, which was chaired by Prof. P.K.Ravindran, Fellow IRTC.
The seminar was inaugurated by sri. K.M. Dharesan Unnitthan, director of energy management centre Thiruvananthapuram. In his inaugural talk he emphasised on the need for energy conservation and the various sources of alternative sustainable energy. The Indian energy scenario and specifically the energy loss and possible ways for conserving it were the nucleus of the speech. One unit of energy saved at the consumer end avoids nearly 3 times of capacity augmentation due to PLF, Auxiliary consumption and T and D losses. Therefore to achieve this initiation should be done on reduce demand for energy and reduce demand to growth rate, provide competitive advantage, provide economic benefit and provide cheaper and better quality power to consumers. He also presented the energy consumption scenario in various sectors like industries, hotel, hospital, airport, as well as domestic settings.
For sustainable development one major thrust should be given on energy efficiency and energy conservation. Since there in all sectors exist conservation opportunities. To achieve the goal we need interested consumers, interested financiers, efficient mechanisms etc for the proper conservation which would benefit the whole national energy utility
The second session was about ENERGY AUDIT- base line for energy conservation. Energy audit methodology and its logic was the nucleus of the talk. It illustrated- plan and organize energy audit, discussion with all divisional heads and persons concerned in any firm, primary data gathering, energy utility assessment followed by survey and monitoring of the energy systems, conducting trials for selected equipment and analysing of its energy use. These steps result in making an audit report which would help the firm to be cost benefit and energy efficient. Awareness has to be done to make the users aware of the energy utilization and conserving it. He also illustrated the instruments used in measuring energy like power quality analyser, thermal imaging, flue gas analysis, smart energy meters, combustion analyser, fuel efficiency meters, speed, temperature, pressure, measuring devices to find out energy leak etc.
Waste to Energy was the subject of the talk on the Third Session by P K Ravindran RAC member IRTC. In his presentation he mainly focused on how to convert waste to wealth by re-using, recovering and recycling. There are mainly two methods to convert the degradable part of waste as thermal and non thermal. Thermal methods are incineration, pyrolysis, gasification etc. But these methods have its own disadvantages too. Mainly low energy output, high moisture content, fly ash and hazardous emissions. The better way is biological; such as composting, wormy composting or production of biogas. He also explained IRTC interventions in implementing such biogas plants and its implementation process too. IRTC`s intervention in waste management has made considerable ways domestic waste management with an energy alternative is widely accepted by thousands all over Kerala. He stressed at the significance in replicating such models.
The final session was about the various possibilities of non conventional energy resources. The session was lead by Mr. Jayachandran. India ranked sixth in the world in total energy consumption. But comparing to other nations we are highly depending on fossil fuels and natural resources for energy sources. This will lead to a serious threat in the near future. The search for renewable sources for energy is too low. Renewable energy sources are sources that are continuously replenished by natural processes. Possibilities of non conventional source of energy and renewable source of energy like solar energy; solar cookers, Solar cell, Solar water pumps, possibilities of wind energy, biomass and bio energy, bio fuels, ocean energy, tidal energy, geo thermal energy, small hydropower energy etc were the major areas of the debate. The demand of energy is growing owing to the development. Due to the problems associated with the development of conventional sources of energy the focus is now being shifted to renewable energy sources. India has potential of renewable energy source in abundance, which if developed properly can augment the growing demand of the energy. There is a need to make full use of renewable energy technologies to harness the untapped potential in cost effective manner and fulfil the energy demand.
Students from engineering colleges [M.Tech] and staff members participated in the programme. A total of 81 participants, containing students and enthusiastic public and IRTC scientific staff especially the technical and scientific staff also participated in the programme.